The history of the Greek railways and trams is a very interesting chapter in the recent history of our place, not only because of its peculiarity but also for the fact that our railways, from the time of their construction until today – the last 130 years and more – played an important role in many sectors of Greek society. The Encyclopedia of the Greek Railways and Tramways, which consists of the following six titles, was honored with the prize of the Academy of Athens in 2006.